eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
3/2022
vol. 18
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Kinesiophobia, physical performance, and health-related quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease

Beyza Çakal
1
,
Meriç Yıldırım
2
,
Sadık Volkan Emren
3

1.
Institute of Health Sciences, Dokuz Eylul University, İzmir, Turkey
2.
Faculty of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Dokuz Eylul University, İzmir, Turkey
3.
Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey
Adv Interv Cardiol 2022; 18, 3 (69): 246–254
Online publish date: 2022/12/17
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Kinesiophobia is an important risk factor for physical activity and exercise restrictions. It is important to assess kinesiophobia and identify high-risk patients to help prevent sedentary behaviour and increase exercise participation among cardiac patients. Aim: To evaluate kinesiophobia and its association with physical performance, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), patients’ limitations and symptoms, and disease history in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).

Material and methods
Fifty-two patients diagnosed with CAD were enrolled in this study. Kinesiophobia was assessed with the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia for Heart. The 5× Sit-to-Stand Test (5-STST), the Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), and the 6-Minute Walk Test (6-MWT) were used to assess physical performance. Patients’ limitations and symptoms and HRQOL were evaluated with the Cardiovascular Limitations and Symptoms Profile. CAD duration and history of myocardial infarction (MI) were also recorded.

Results
87.2% of the patients had high level of kinesiophobia, which was higher in patients with previous MI compared to patients without history of MI (p = 0.031). Kinesiophobia was positively correlated with 5-STST duration, TUGT duration, angina, shortness of breath, HRQOL, and CAD duration, and it was negatively correlated with 6-MWT distance (p < 0.05). According to regression analysis, only angina was a significant predictor for kinesiophobia (p = 0.014). Kinesiophobia was found to be a predictor of physical performance and HRQOL (p < 0.05).

Conclusions
Levels of kinesiophobia are high in patients with CAD, especially in those with a history of MI. Angina is a predictor of kinesiophobia while kinesiophobia is a predictor of both physical performance and HRQOL in CAD patients.

keywords:

coronary artery disease, kinesiophobia, physical performance, health-related quality of life

Quick links
© 2023 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.