eISSN: 1897-4252
ISSN: 1731-5530
Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska/Polish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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4/2020
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Our experience of total pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis: a comprehensive analysis over a period of 5 years

Manish Jadhao
1
,
Kuntal Surana
1
,
Vijay Shewale
1
,
Chaitanya Hemant Raut
1
,
Vaibhav Shah
1
,
Prashant Mishra
1
,
Jayant Khandekar
1

1.
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai, India
Kardiochir Torakochir Pol 2020; 17 (4): 193-197
Online publish date: 2021/01/15
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Introduction
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) usually presents as a result of chronic fibrous pericardial thickening and calcification of the pericardium which causes reduced cardiac output. Despite the lack of prospective studies comparing the different therapeutic strategies, surgical pericardiectomy is a valuable treatment under most circumstances. Aim: We analyzed our records to highlight the predictors of morbidity and mortality of pericardiectomy and also short-term surgical outcome of the same procedure in a single center.

Material and methods
We carried out a comprehensive retrospective analysis of the records of patients who underwent surgery for CP at our institute between 2013 and 2018. 30 patients underwent isolated pericardiectomy. All patients underwent median sternotomy and total pericardiectomy without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. Pre-operative, intra-operative and post-operative characteristics were noted.

Results
Fifteen patients had a history of pulmonary tuberculosis. The majority of the patients presented with NYHA grade III or IV. 60% of the patients were male. The preoperative mean central venous pressure was 24 ±9 mm Hg and decreased to 9 ±5 mm Hg after surgery. The 30-day mortality was 6.66% (2/30). Morbidity was mainly due to low-cardiac output syndrome (n = 4). A total of 26 patients had significant improvement in their NYHA status.

Conclusions
Although pericardiectomy for CP remains associated with some operative mortality, the short-term outcome is favorable, and surgical treatment is able to improve the functional class in the majority of survivors.

keywords:

pericardiectomy, constrictive pericarditis, tuberculous pericarditis

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