eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Supplements Addendum Special Issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2019
vol. 23
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Partial mandibulectomy without bony reconstruction in patients with oropharyngeal or mouth cancer

Thomas Schrom
,
Florian Bast
,
Stephan Knipping

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2019; 23 (3): 146-150
Online publish date: 2019/09/04
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Aim of the study
Resection of tumours of the oral cavity has significant consequences relating to function and aesthetic properties. Advancements in surgical techniques and microvascular surgery have enabled reconstructive outcomes to reach those of pre-surgery levels with good functional and aesthetic results. However, reconstructive options are not without complications.

Material and methods
We report the outcome of 23 patients with large tumours of the oral cavity or floor of the mouth, who underwent resection of the tumour and parts of the mandible without bony reconstruction. The patient population consisted of 19 oropharyngeal carcinomas and four floor of the mouth cancers, all of which had stage cT4 (six female and 17 male patients), and with an average patient age of 59.8 years. The pre- and postoperative ability to open the mouth, level of pain while masticating, mastication function pre and post-surgery, and the aesthetic outcome post-surgery were measured.

Results
The results obtained were deemed pleasantly acceptable by the patients, from aesthetic, functional, and analgesic points of view.

Discussion
A thorough preoperative work up is required and discussion with a multidisciplinary team is a necessity. This treatment option is more acceptable to the patient than would be expected and provides a satisfactory functional and aesthetic outcome. Therefore, we believe that partial mandibulectomy without bony reconstruction is an acceptable management option for a carefully selected group of patients who may not be suitable for the extensive surgery involved with bony reconstruction.

keywords:

oropharyngeal cancer, mandibulectomy, reconstruction

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