eISSN: 2299-551X
ISSN: 0011-4553
Journal of Stomatology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
2/2015
vol. 68
 
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abstract:

Pattern and indications for adult permanent teeth extractions in Zamfara state, Northwest Nigeria

Olanrewaju Taiwo
1
,
Omotayo Sulaiman
2
,
Olubunmi Shoremi
3
,
Jibril Danlami
4
,
Omokunmi Adeniji
4
,
Wasiu Olawole
5

1.
Department of Surgery / Dental & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University / Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
2.
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan / University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
3.
Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
4.
Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria
5.
Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi, Nigeria
Online publish date: 2015/06/07
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Aim of the study. To determine the indications and pattern of tooth extraction in adult patients seeking care at the Dental Clinic of Federal Medical Centre, Gusau, Zamfara State between January 2011 and December 2012. Material and methods. The case records of patients seen at the Dental Clinic of the Federal Medical Centre, Gusau, Zamfara state between January 2011 and December 2012 were retrieved from the Medical Records Department and analyzed for gender, age, indication for extraction and tooth/teeth extracted. Result. A total of 1470 teeth were extracted over a two-year study period. There were 739 (50.3%) males and 731 (49.7%) females (M:F = 1.03:1). The age of the patients ranged from 14 to 90 years (mean = 34.4 years ± 13.4 SD). Among the teeth extracted, 1347 (91.7%) were due to caries and its sequelae, 84 (5.7%) and 34 (2.3%) were for periodontal disease and trauma respectively. Caries and its sequelae was the principal indication for extraction across all age group. The modal age group was 20-29 years. Higher proportion of extracted teeth was from the lower arch and the lower left quadrant. Molars made up 80.2% of all extractions with first molars predominating (50.1%). The ratio of mandibular to maxillary molars was approximately 2:1. Conclusion. Dental caries and its sequelae was the primary indication for tooth extraction in the study followed by periodontal disease and trauma. Hence, it is our opinion to urgently adopt preventive oral health policies to bring about reversal in the current trend.

 
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