eISSN: 1897-4252
ISSN: 1731-5530
Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska/Polish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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3/2021
vol. 18
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis in a resource constraint setting

Isaac Okyere
1, 2
,
Perditer Okyere
3
,
Emmanuel Ameyaw
4
,
Samuel Gyasi Brenu
2
,
Martin Tamatey
5
,
Francis Agyemang Yeboah
6

1.
Department of Surgery, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science, Kumasi, Ghana
2.
Directorate of Surgery, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
3.
Department of Medicine, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science, Kumasi, Ghana
4.
Department of Child Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
5.
Department of Surgery, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
6.
Department of Molecular Medicine, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska 2021; 18 (3): 165-172
Online publish date: 2021/10/05
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Introduction
Constrictive pericarditis is the endpoint of the natural history of acute pericarditis of different aetiologies where a chronic inflammatory process results in a thickened, fibrotic and inelastic pericardium with consequent impairment of diastolic function and systemic congestion.
Aim: To evaluate the clinical features, diagnosis, surgical management and outcome of patients with constrictive pericarditis as managed in a local setting of a tertiary hospital in Ghana.

Material and methods
A retrospective review of the medical records of patients who had undergone pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis at a teaching hospital.

Results
Ten patients underwent pericardiectomy for the period of study. There were 8 (80%) males and 2 (20%) females. The mean age was 20.4 ±17.2 years. Six of the patients 6 (60%) were in NYHA class III. Preoperative diagnostics included chest X-ray, echocardiography, and computed tomography scan. The surgical approach for the pericardiectomy was median sternotomy. The mean operative time was 159.9 ±43.0 min. The mean postoperative days spent before being discharged was 6.9 ±2.3 days. Nine (90%) of the patients were in NYHA class I after a mean follow-up of 19.3 ±16.7 months. One patient died 6 weeks after surgery with heart failure and one patient was lost to follow-up.

Conclusions
Surgical pericardiectomy via median sternotomy is still the standard modality of treatment for constrictive pericarditis with excellent results even in resource constraint settings.

keywords:

median sternotomy, pericardiectomy, constrictive pericarditis, tuberculosis

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