eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2021
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Practical aspects of endomyocardial left ventricular biopsy – own experience

Krzysztof Dyrbuś
1
,
Przemysław Trzeciak
1
,
Jacek Piegza
1
,
Adam Krajewski
1
,
Grzegorz Słonka
1
,
Alicja Nowowiejska-Wiewióra
1
,
Mariusz Gąsior
1

1.
3rd Chair and Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, Zabrze, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2021; 17, 4 (66): 398–402
Online publish date: 2021/12/30
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Introduction
Left ventricular endomyocardial biopsy (LV-EMB) is the only procedure that allows a direct assessment of the left ventricular myocardium, thus enabling the diagnosis of myocarditis or other myocardial diseases.

Aim
To describe the characteristics of a population that underwent LV-EMB, as well as to address the periprocedural and technical aspects of the LV-EMB.

Material and methods
Since its initiation in our center in 2016, a total of 43 patients have undergone LV-EMB. In the manuscript, the indications for LV-EMB and the detailed technical aspects of its safe performance, including the equipment used, are described. A large part of the text is also devoted to the possible complications of LV-EMB.

Results
The results of the initial population that underwent LV-EMB in our center are presented. The patients who were qualified for LV-EMB were predominantly male (85.7%), with a mean age of 38.8 years. Of those, 38 (88.3%) had acute heart failure. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 19.6%. The primary indications for LV-EMB were unexplained heart failure with a left ventricular ejection fraction < 35% and (1) hemodynamic abnormalities or electrical instability of the heart and/or (2) recent worsening of heart failure (NYHA class II, III, or IV) with no response to standard therapy for 2 weeks. The mean fluoroscopy time was 5.4 min, and the mean radiation dose was 87 mGy. No periprocedural complications were found.

Conclusions
The results of the analysis indicate that LV-EMB can be performed safely by skilled physicians in an experienced center.

keywords:

myocarditis, acute heart failure, left ventricular biopsy, endomyocardial biopsy

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