eISSN: 2081-2833
ISSN: 2081-0016
Medycyna Paliatywna/Palliative Medicine
Current issue Archive About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
1/2019
vol. 11
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Review paper

Radiotherapy in patients with brain metastases – state of the art

Adam Kluska, Anna Stanisławek, Wojciech Kapuściński, Karolina Loga, Natalia Tracz, Leszek Marcin Gottwald

Medycyna Paliatywna 2019; 11(1): 13–20
Online publish date: 2019/03/25
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Brain metastases are often a complication of advanced systemic cancer and remain the most common intracranial tumour type. In patients with previously diagnosed cancer, 10-30% will develop brain metastases. While patients typically present with non-specific symptoms, the most frequently findings include weakness, impaired balance, headaches, and seizures. Breast cancer is the most common source of brain metastases in women, and lung cancer in men. MRI has high sensitivity to detect secondary brain tumours. Current approaches to the management of brain metastases are driven by prognostic factors, including patients’ preformanceperformance status, number of metastases, patients’ age, and status of systemic disease. A cCombination of surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), and whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) offer the best outcomes. The only palliative WBRT is an important treatment modality for patients with multiple brain metastases and contraindications to surgery and SRS. Palliative WBRT is effective and improves quality of life of patients with brain metastasis.
keywords:

palliative radiotherapy, brain metastases

Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe