eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
3/2020
vol. 19
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Relation between risk of falls, sarcopenia and parameters assessing quality of skeletal muscles in a group of postmenopausal women

Maja Warzecha
1
,
Jarosław Amarowicz
1
,
Małgorzata Berwecka
1
,
Edward Czerwiński
1
,
Anna Kumorek
2

1.
Rehabilitation Clinic, Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
2.
Healthy Statistic, Krakow, Poland
Menopause Rev 2020; 19(3): 123-129
Online publish date: 2020/10/02
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Introduction
Involutional changes that occur in skeletal muscle are a feature that characterizes the aging process. In women, age-related decreases in muscle mass and function of skeletal muscles occur more rapidly with the onset of menopause. Progressive muscle dysfunction has been directly linked with an increased probability of falls, fractures, disability and mortality.

Aim of the study
To assess the relationship between the risk of falls and parameters of skeletal muscle assessment in a group of postmenopausal women together with the identification of patients with sarcopenia.

Material and methods
This study was carried among 122 women over 60 years of age. Patients had their muscular system tested with the emphasis on the sarcopenia diagnosis using: Total Body Composition, handgrip and physical performance tests. Patients also underwent a questionnaire survey assessing occurrence of falls.

Results
The analysis showed an over 2-fold increase (OR 2.4; 95% CI, 1.02-5.56) in risk of falls in a year among subjects with decreased muscle mass. No such correlation was noted with parameters such as falls in the last 12 months and decrease of muscle strength as well as physical performance. Sarcopenia is more likely to be diagnosed with European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP1) criteria than EWGSOP2 (updated in 2018) (18% vs. 4.1% respectively). The increased risk of falls has not been proven in women with sarcopenia.

Conclusions
The decrease of muscle mass is significantly correlated with the risk of falls in the last year in postmenopausal women. Impact of sarcopenia on the risk of falls depends on diagnostic criteria.

keywords:

handgrip, muscle mass, physical performance, TUG, falls

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