eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2018
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Image in intervention

Symptomatic anomalous left circumflex artery arising from the right coronary cusp

Haytham Allaham
,
Abdullah Mansour
,
Kul Aggarawal
,
Obai Abdullah

Adv Interv Cardiol 2018; 14, 1 (51): 103–104
Online publish date: 2018/03/22
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The anomalous origin of the left circumflex artery as an independent branch from the right coronary cusp is considered a rare variation. In the variant, the left anterior descending artery, left circumflex artery and right coronary artery arise from three different discrete ostia. The anomalous left circumflex artery course passes posterior to the aortic root through the atrioventricular groove to supply the lateral wall of the left ventricle. Despite the usual benign and asymptomatic course, the clinical importance of this anomaly is evident from its association with sudden cardiac death, syncope, and arrhythmias as a manifestation of myocardial ischemia [1].
We report a case of a 70-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency department with generalized fatigue and exertional dyspnea of 2-month duration. Past medical was significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia. The patient’s blood pressure was managed with hydrochlorothiazide, hydralazine, lisinopril, and metoprolol prior to this presentation. Vitals on admission were significant for an elevated blood pressure of 180/112 mm Hg. Physical examination was otherwise unremarkable. Troponin levels were normal and an electrocardiogram (ECG) demonstrated minimal T wave inversion in the inferior leads.
A low normal ejection fraction of 50% was observed on the echocardiogram with moderate left ventricular hypertrophy and asynchrony of the basal inferior wall. A technetium-99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion scan was performed and revealed a small, mild, reversible hypo-perfusion defect that involved the anteroapical and inferior basal regions. The study was followed by coronary artery angiography which revealed non-obstructive coronary artery disease (Figure 1). An incidental finding of an anomalous left circumflex artery originating from a separate ostium located at the right coronary cusp was noted during the study. The left circumflex artery had a completely separate origin from the right coronary artery. The medical therapy was optimized by adding amlodipine and increasing the metoprolol dose. He was followed at the cardiology clinic one month after discharge with a significant improvement in blood pressure (140/86 mm Hg), symptoms and overall functional status.
The anomalous origin of the left circumflex artery from the right coronary system was first described by Antopol and Kugel in 1933 and has an estimated frequency of 0.32–0.67% [2]. The anomaly may be classified...


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