eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2020
vol. 16
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Temporal changes in the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease in patients following myocardial revascularization

Paweł Kozieł
1
,
Piotr Jankowski
1
,
Sławomir Surowiec
1
,
Piotr Bogacki
2
,
Piotr Gomuła
3
,
Ewa Mirek-Bryniarska
4
,
Jadwiga Nessler
5
,
Piotr Podolec
6
,
Marek Rajzer
1
,
Danuta Czarnecka
1

1.
First Department of Cardiology, Interventional Electrocardiology and Hypertension, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
2.
Department of Cardiology, Ludwik Rydygier District Hospital, Krakow, Poland
3.
Department of Cardiology, Gabriel Narutowicz Memorial General Hospital, Krakow, Poland
4.
Department of Cardiology, Jozef Dietl Hospital, Krakow, Poland
5.
Department of Coronary Heart Disease, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, Krakow, Poland
6.
Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 4 (62): 422–428
Online publish date: 2020/12/29
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Introduction
Well-organized, effective secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD) has a potential to improve the patients’ prognosis following myocardial revascularization procedures. Aim: To evaluate overtime changes in the implementation of the ESC guidelines for secondary prevention by assessing control of the main risk factors and the rate of cardioprotective drug use in patients following myocardial revascularization procedures.

Material and methods
Patients aged < 81 years who had been hospitalized for a myocardial revascularization procedure in five hospitals serving Krakow and surrounding districts were recruited and interviewed 6–18 months following discharge. Their personal medical history, medication use and control of the main cardiovascular risk factors were evaluated using a standard questionnaire in 2006–2007, 2011–2013, and 2016–2017. The same five hospitals took part in surveys on each occasion.

Results
We examined 260 patients in 2006–2007, 200 in 2011–2013 and 190 in 2016–2017. We noted a significant difference in the management of surveys participants: 62% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and 38% coronary artery coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in 2006–2007 whereas the corresponding proportions in 2016–2017 were 90% and 10%. The proportion of patients who did not achieve target blood pressure (according to ESC guidelines valid at the time of each survey) in 2006–2007, 2011–2013 and 2016–2017 was 53.5%, 52.3%, and 38.9%, respectively, the proportion of those who did not achieve the LDL cholesterol target (according to ESC guidelines valid at the time of each survey) was 36.3%, 64.0%, and 61.7%, respectively, and the proportion of those with high fasting glucose was 12.6%, 14.6%, and 19.7%, respectively. The proportion of smokers was 16.2%, 19.5%, and 16.8%, whereas 30.5%, 28.6% and 40.5% of patients were obese in 2006–2007, 2011–2013 and 2016–2017, respectively. The proportion of patients taking antiplatelets (91.8% vs. 92.0% vs. 96.3%), -blockers (90.3% vs. 87.5% vs. 92.6%), and lipid-lowering drugs (88.7% vs. 91.0% vs. 93.7%) did not change significantly.

Conclusions
The analysis of three multicenter surveys provides evidence of the considerable potential for a further reduction in cardiovascular risk in patients following elective myocardial revascularization in Poland.

keywords:

coronary artery disease, risk factors, secondary prevention, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention

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