eISSN: 2300-6722
ISSN: 1899-1874
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne
Current issue Archive About the journal Supplements Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
 
1/2021
vol. 37
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Review paper

The advances in diagnostic modalities of disorders of the long head of the biceps tendon – review

Maciej Gagat
1
,
Agnieszka Zabrzyńska
2
,
Maria Zabrzyńska
3
,
Wioletta Zielińska
1

1.
Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Poland
2.
Department of Radiology, Multidisciplinary Hospital, Inowroclaw, Poland
3.
Faculty of Medicine, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Poland
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne 2021; 37 (1): 83–90
Online publish date: 2021/03/31
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
The broad spectrum of disorders of the long head of the biceps (LHBT) can be divided into 3 main categories: inflammatory reactions, degenerative conditions, and instability. More than 90% of patients with LHB tendinopathy have an additional shoulder pathology. Thus, a detailed radiological and histopathological evaluation is crucial for a complete and accurate diagnosis. The pathology of the LHBT starts from its ultrastructure with the alterations of both tenocytes and extracellular matrix. Furthermore, this is reflected in the light microscopy investigation, with marginal inflammatory response. The ultrasonography is useful in the detection of LHBT instability, hypoechogenic areas, increased tendon diameter, and dynamic examination of the tendon. A standard non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the shoulder is a useful tool in the diagnostics of advance tendinopathy; however, it is essentially limited in the detection of partial tears. Based on current knowledge, ultrasound and MRI diagnostics modalities should be simultaneously used in the examination of LHBT disorders.
keywords:

tendon, tendinopathy, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, long head of the biceps tendon

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe