eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Supplements Addendum Special Issues Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2020
vol. 24
 
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abstract:
Case report

The diagnostic challenge in pulmonary tumour embolism in cancer: a case report and literature review

Aleksandra Zielińska
1
,
Marcin Braun
1
,
Dominika Piasecka
1
,
Piotr Minc
2
,
Hanna M. Romańska
1

1.
Department of Pathology, Chair of Oncology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
2.
Department of Internal Diseases, Copernicus Memorial Hospital, Lodz, Poland
Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2020; 24 (4): 258–262
Online publish date: 2021/01/04
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Pulmonary tumour embolism is a rare condition without specific symptoms or pathognomonic features. Pulmonary tumour embolism can occur as the first manifestation of cancer, but because of diagnostic difficulties, it is often wrongly recognised as a more common cardiopulmonary disease. We present a case of a 46-year-old Caucasian male with no prior malignancy diagnosis, admitted because of progressing dyspnoea and cough. Based on radiological and clinical presentations, sarcoidosis, silicosis and lymphangitic carcinomatosis were considered in the differential diagnosis. Histopathological analysis of lung biopsy revealed that multiple emboli of atypical epithelial cells found in the pulmonary vessels were of gastrointestinal origin. Further pathological examination of the gastric biopsy led to the final diagnosis of the signet-ring cells gastric adenocarcinoma. The patient was referred for chemotherapy. After a short-term partial remission, he died within two months after the final diagnosis. The presented case illustrates challenges posed by the diagnostic process of pulmonary tumour embolism.
keywords:

pulmonary tumour embolism, signet-ring gastric adenocarcinoma, dyspnoea, pleural effusion

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