eISSN: 2299-551X
ISSN: 0011-4553
Journal of Stomatology
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3/2022
vol. 75
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The influence of chronic hyper-homocysteinemia on characteristics of peripheral neutrophils’ programmed death in lipo-polysaccharide-induced periodontitis

Roman Khudan
1
,
Inna Krynytska
2
,
Mariya Marushchak
2
,
Mykhaylo Korda
3

1.
Department of Dental Therapy, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, Ukraine
2.
Department of Functional and Laboratory Diagnostics, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, Ukraine
3.
Department of Medical Biochemistry, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, Ukraine
J Stoma 2022; 75, 3: 155-162
Online publish date: 2022/08/30
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Introduction
Analysis of progression rate of periodontal disease indicates individual variability. It should be noted that destructive event in the alveolar bone has been linked to homocysteine (Hcys) metabolism; however, the issue has not yet been fully studied.

Objectives
To assess the peculiarities of the process of peripheral blood neutrophils programmed death in rats with lipo-polysaccharide (LPS)-induced periodontitis combined with chronic thiolactone hyper-homocysteinemia (HHcy).

Material and methods
48 mature inbred white male rats were divided into four groups: control (n = 12), LPS-induced periodontitis (n = 12), chronic thiolactone HHcy (n = 12), and LPS-induced periodontitis combined with HHcy (n = 12). Analysis of peripheral blood neutrophil samples to determine all the studied parameters was performed on flow cytometer Epics XL (Beckman Coulter; USA).

Results
LPS-induced periodontitis in rats was accompanied by reactive oxygen species (ROS) hyper-production (by 87.9%, p = 0.001) and trans-membrane mitochondrial potential decrease by 73.3% (p = 0.001), which resulted in the distortion of integrity of the outer mitochondrial membrane, and the initiation of apoptotic events. Chronic thiolactone HHcy enhanced the initiation of the programmed death of neutrophils in case of LPS-induced periodontitis, which was confirmed by 71.4% significant prevalence of the apoptotic cells in animals with LPS-induced periodontitis combined with chronic thiolactone HHcy vs. rats with only LPS-induced periodontitis.

Conclusions
Excessive production of ROS and mitochondrial dysfunction caused by high serum Hcys level can be a crucial molecular mechanism that enhances programmed cell death in rats with LPS-induced periodontitis combined with chronic thiolactone HHcy, which opens opportunities to improve pathogenetic therapy in patients with comorbid course of periodontal disease and chronic HHcy.

keywords:

periodontitis, hyper-homocysteinemia, peripheral neutrophils, apoptosis

 
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