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ISSN: 1895-5770
Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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4/2018
vol. 13
 
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Artykuł oryginalny

The relationship between 174 G/C and -572 G/C of IL-6 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility of celiac disease in the Iranian population

Zeinab Barartabar
,
Abdolrahim Nikzamir
,
Majid Sirati-Sabet
,
Elham Aghamohammadi
,
Vahid Chaleshi
,
Mohammad Rostami Nejad
,
Hamid Asadzadeh-Aghdaei
,
Mohammad Reza Zali

Data publikacji online: 2018/12/11
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Introduction
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory intestinal disorder. Different immunological factors, including inflammatory cytokines, may play an important role in disease susceptibility.

Aim
To investigate the relationship between -174G/C and -572G/C gene polymorphisms and the serum level of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and susceptibility to CD in the Iranian population.

Material and Methods
In this case-control study blood samples were collected of 105 patients with CD and 106 healthy subjects randomly in 2016 and evaluated by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragments length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. A sequence was also used to confirm the results of both polymorphisms. The IL-6 concentration was measured using ELISA.

Results
The results showed a significant relationship between polymorphism -572G in CD patients when compared with control subjects by genotype (p = 0.001) and alleles (p = 0.022), respectively. There was no significant relationship between polymorphism 174G and frequency of genotype, but an association of this polymorphism with the frequency of alleles (p = 0.034), age (p = 0.001), and body mass index (p = 0.003) was seen. The serum level of interleukin-6 was significantly associated only with rs1800796 (p < 0.001).

Conclusions
The results confirm previous studies in different parts of the world and indicate that IL-6 (572G/C) polymorphism may play a role in susceptibility to CD in the Iranian population.

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