eISSN: 1689-3530
ISSN: 0867-4361
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction/Alkoholizm i Narkomania
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4/2021
vol. 34
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The support of young adults for the smoking ban in public places in Poland – a qualitative study

Dagmara Opoczyńska-Świeżewska
1
,
Filip Raciborski
1

1.
Department of Environmental Hazards Prevention, Allergology and Immunology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Alcohol Drug Addict 2021; 34 (4): 257-266
Online publish date: 2022/01/19
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Introduction
The objective of the study was to gather the opinions of smokers, non-smokers and those who had quit smoking regarding the smoking ban in public places introduced on 15th November 2010.

Material and methods
Qualitative studies were carried out using Individual In-Depth Interviews (IDI) according to a pre-specified scenario (5 thematic blocks divided into detailed questions). The interviews were conducted from February to December 2014. A total of 15 people participated in the study: 6 men and 9 women, who were 23-36 years of age, divided into three equal groups of smokers, non-smokers and former smokers who had quit.

Results
Passive exposure to tobacco smoke at work, in catering and entertainment facilities, and at homes was declared by 9 out of 10 former smokers and non-smokers. They also indicated a lack of smoking rooms in the workplace, schools, in catering and entertainment facilities. Respondents emphasised their satisfaction with the smoking ban in public places, which has had a positive influence on their wellbeing and comfort while in those places.

Discussion
Study participants pointed out that the implementation of the new smoke-free policy has improved the situation of people exposed to second hand smoke, which is also reflected in the quantitative study. A study conducted in 2017 for the Chief Sanitary Inspector regarding attitudes towards smoking also clearly indicates the positive impact of the Anti-Tobacco Act on smokers’ behaviour.

Conclusions
Respondents expressed satisfaction with the smoking ban in public places. A significant problem with smoking in catering and entertainment facilities was also noted.

keywords:

tobacco cessation, public health, smoke-free policy, smoking ban in public places, smoking epidemiology

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