eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2021
vol. 17
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection as a preferable method of treatment for iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms after invasive cardiovascular procedures – a single-center experience

Jacek Kurzawski
1
,
Łukasz Piątek
2
,
Łukasz Zandecki
2
,
Karolina Piątek
2
,
Łukasz Turek
2

1.
2nd Department of Cardiology, Świętokrzyskie Cardiology Centre, Kielce, Poland
2.
Collegium Medicum, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2021; 17, 4 (66): 376–380
Online publish date: 2021/11/19
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Arterial cannulation is inherently associated with a risk of vascular complications including pseudoaneurysm (psA) that are encountered in both radial and femoral artery access. Among various methods of treatment of pseudoaneurysm the most popular are: watchful waiting for a spontaneous resolution, ultrasound-guided compression, ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI) and surgical treatment. In many previous reports nonsurgical methods appeared to be effective in most cases.

Aim: To evaluate the incidence, characteristics as well as treatment scheme of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms in a single high-volume cardiovascular intervention center.

Material and methods
The study is a prospective analysis of femoral artery and radial artery pseudoaneurysm cases in a 6-year period (2015–2020) in Świętokrzyskie Cardiology Centre in Kielce, Poland. Analysis of baseline characteristics, treatment and outcomes of all pseudoaneurysm cases was performed.

Results
Among a total number of 7268 cardiovascular procedures, with 49.2% being of the radial approach, we diagnosed 113 cases of psA. Global prevalence of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm was 1.29% and that of radial artery pseudoaneurysm was 0.30%. Only 2 patients with femoral puncture were primarily qualified for surgical treatment due to large size of the pseudoaneurysm. The vast majority of patients underwent successful nonsurgical therapy with the major predominance of the UGTI procedure. Effectiveness of the first thrombin injection was as high as 90% in RPA and 85% in FPA, whereas all of the consecutive attempts were successful.

Conclusions
UGTI is nowadays a very effective and safe method of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm treatment that prevents further necessary surgical procedures.

keywords:

radial approach, access site, femoral approach

Quick links
© 2022 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.