eISSN: 1689-1716
ISSN: 0324-8267
Archiwum Medycyny Sądowej i Kryminologii/Archives of Forensic Medicine and Criminology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1-2/2019
vol. 69
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Widening of the pericerebral space in infants – consultative problems

Damian Kozubek

Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 2019; 69 (1–2): 70–81
Online publish date: 2019/09/28
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The study was an attempt to characterize symptoms and factors suggesting a traumatic cause of pericerebral space widening in infants. This heterogeneous group of disorders, rarely observed in forensic pathological practice, poses consultative problems, as it may be difficult to distinguish between spontaneous disease-related changes and traumatic complications, and differentiate accidental from non-accidental trauma.

The study is based on the records of two cases submitted for examination in order to determine the degree of health impairment. In both cases, a female infant was indicated as the injured person. A review of medical records, particularly medical imaging findings, provided evidence to conclude that the subdural hygromas diagnosed in both infants had a post-traumatic origin. On that basis, factors were selected for consideration in medicolegal assessment, including history of head injury, retinal haemorrhage, presence of other external and internal injuries suggesting battered or shaken baby syndromes, onset and rate of symptom aggravation, perinatal anamnesis, presence of arachnoid cysts, and diseases from the group of metabolic defects.
keywords:

subdural hygroma, chronic subdural haematoma, shaken baby syndrome

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