eISSN: 2299-8284
ISSN: 1233-9989
Nursing Problems / Problemy Pielęgniarstwa
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
4/2014
vol. 22
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The knowledge concerning kidney transplantation in the group of patients on the waiting list

Marzena Bojanowska
1
,
Marta Hreńczuk
2
,
Renata Sowińska
2
,
Maurycy Jonas
2
,
Bartłomiej Matłosz
2
,
Piotr Małkowski
2

1.
Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny
2.
WUM
Online publish date: 2015/03/12
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Introduction. Kidney transplantation (KTx) is the best treatment of end stage renal failure, assuring long patient survival. Its outcome is affected not only by surgical technique, but also by the information on the topic and personal experience of recipients, as factors influencing patients behavior after KTx.

Aim. The goal of this work was to assess the knowledge of the patients on the waiting list, on the matter of KTx.

Material and methods. The information was gathered in 14 dialysis centers in Mazowieckie district, with the use of questionnaire. 74 hemodialysed patients were included to the study. Twenty-four percent of them were submitted for the second transplantation.

Results. Ninety percent of patients announced that organ for KTx is harvested from the deceased donor. Thirty-two percent had knowledge of possible preemptive transplantation, 73% knew the localization of the kidney graft after the operation. Thirty-six percent informed of 10 years mean time of graft survival. Eighty six percent were aware that KTx is a large operation and may concern treatment complications. The majority of respondents received their knowledge from physicians. Fifty three percent had some knowledge concerning immunosupression, 50% is aware of the need of systematic medical control. About 50% knows and introduces changes in lifestyle.

Conclusions. The knowledge of qualification process, organ origin, treatment and possible complications is general and insufficient. The awareness of immunosuppressive therapy, posttransplant control and changes in everyday life is insufficient. Introduction of educational program for those patients would improve knowledge as well as transplantation results.

Nursing Topics 2014; 22 (4): 420–425

keywords:

knowledge; kidney transplantation; hemodialysis

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