eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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Review paper

Adverse effects of hysteroscopy, prevention and treatment: literature review

Marcin Baum, Piotr Woźniak, Tomasz Stetkiewicz, Przemysław Oszukowski

Przegląd Menopauzalny 2013; 2: 175–179
DOI (digital object identifier): 10.5114/pm.2013.35082
Hysteroscopy has become a gold standard for diagnosis and treatment of many pathologies that affect uterine cavity and cervical channel. Unfortunately, like other invasive procedures, this technique is not free from adverse effects. One should mention uterine perforation, hemorrhage, infection, fluid overload, gas embolism and cervical laceration. The problem of dissemination of endometrial cancer cells into the peritoneal cavity during hysteroscopy and its influence on prognosis of patients is still unresolved. The aim of this article is to present the most important adverse effects of hysteroscopy, their etiology, and some ways of prevention and therapy.

hysteroscopy, operative hysteroscopy, complications, adverse effects

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