eISSN: 2084-9850
ISSN: 1897-3116
Pielęgniarstwo Chirurgiczne i Angiologiczne/Surgical and Vascular Nursing
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4/2022
vol. 16
 
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abstract:
Original article

Analysis of the health status and the influence of gender and age on the well-being of patients with pulmonary embolism – a retrospective study

Elżbieta Magnuszewska
1
,
Jolanta Lewko
2
,
Bianka Sztukowska
3
,
Mirosława Dziekońska
3
,
Karolina Lewko
4
,
Katarzyna Jasińska
5
,
Regina Sierżantowicz
6

1.
Samodzielny Publiczny Zakład Opieki Zdrowotnej w Mońkach, Polska
2.
Zakład Podstawowej Opieki Zdrowotnej, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Białystok, Polska
3.
Zakład Pielęgniarstwa, Wyższa Szkoła Medyczna, Białystok, Polska
4.
Uniwersytecki Szpital Kliniczny, Wrocław, Polska
5.
Szpital Ogólny w Wysokiem Mazowieckiem, Polska
6.
Zakład Pielęgniarstwa Chirurgicznego, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Białystok, Polska
Pielęgniarstwo Chirurgiczne i Angiologiczne 2022; 16(4): 154–161
Online publish date: 2022/12/30
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Introduction
This study evaluated the therapeutic management among patients with pulmonary embolism and identified of the most common causes and consequences of pulmonary embolism. In addition, it ascertained the factors that significantly affect the consequences of pulmonary embolism and health status after treatment.

Material and methods
The research was carried out in the internal and rehabilitation departments of the Independent Public Healthcare Centre in Mońki in the years 2020–2022. The study was a retrospective study in which 70 medical histories of patients diagnosed with pulmonary embolism were analysed. A proprietary questionnaire was used to collect data, which consisted of 2 parts: record and detailed, consisting of 24 questions about the course of the treatment and care in patients with pulmonary embolism.

Results
In the studied group of patients, surgery was performed in 47,7%, and the most common complication of pulmonary embolism was lung abscess, at 35,7%. The most likely cause of pulmonary embolism was thrombus, at 67,1%. The feeling of improvement in health significantly depends on the age of the respondents (2 = 7,664; p = 0,022).

Conclusions
Pulmonary embolism occurred most frequently after surgery and was more common in elderly patients. More than half of the patients who underwent treatment for pulmonary embolism partially recovered their pre-disease state. Younger people recovered faster than older people.

keywords:

complications, age, pulmonary embolism

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