eISSN: 2084-9850
ISSN: 1897-3116
Pielęgniarstwo Chirurgiczne i Angiologiczne/Surgical and Vascular Nursing
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vol. 17
Review paper

Bone metastases – aetiopathogenesis and treatment possibilities. Review of literature

Adrian Bazaliński
Julia Florek
Aleksandra Szelast
Beata Barańska
4, 5
Piotr Biega
4, 6
Dariusz Bazaliński
4, 7

Studenckie Koło Pielęgniarek, Uczelnia Państwowa im. Jana Grodka, Sanok, Polska
Instytut Medyczny, Kolegium Nauk Medycznych, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, Rzeszów, Polska
Studenckie Koło Naukowe Opieki nad Osobami Starszymi, Instytut Nauk o Zdrowiu, Kolegium Nauk Medycznych, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, Rzeszów, Polska
Szpital Specjalistyczny, Podkarpacki Ośrodek Onkologiczny w Brzozowie, Polska
Państwowa Akademia Nauk Stosowanych, Przemyśl, Polska
Katedra Fizyki i Inżynierii Medycznej, Wydział Matematyki i Fizyki Stosowanej, Politechnika Rzeszowska, Rzeszów, Polska
7nstytut Nauk o Zdrowiu, Kolegium Nauk Medycznych, Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, Rzeszów, Polska
Pielęgniarstwo Chirurgiczne i Angiologiczne 2023; 17(3): 130-137
Online publish date: 2023/10/13
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Bone metastases and treatment of patients in the advanced stage of the disease are a heavy burden for the healthcare system. Pain, pathological fractures, axial skeleton instability, and neurological dysfunctions are the most common consequences of epidural metastases to the spinal cord and its compression. A review of literature of the years 2015–2023 was done, based on the PubMed database. The key-phrase “spinal metastases” was used in the search for duplicates. Of 3069 studies, 2567 were eliminated as not directly related to the analysis. Finally, 36 studies (including reviews and meta-analyses) were selected as relevant to the analysed problems. Metastases from malignant cancers are most commonly localised in the axial skeleton, causing spinal cord compression and neurological symptoms. Surgical decompression improves the functioning and quality of life of the patients.

treatment, health problems, spinal metastases

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