eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Current Issue Archive Supplements Articles in Press Journal Information Aims and Scope Editorial Office Editorial Board Register as Author Register as Reviewer Instructions for Authors Abstracting and indexing Subscription Advertising Information Links
Editorial System
Submit your Manuscript
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

vol. 15
Original paper

Changes in receipt of adjuvant brachytherapy for endometrial cancer patients before and after affordable care act: The impact of Medicaid expansion

Amy Le
Jordan A. Holmes

Department of Radiation Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2023; 15, 3: 206–211
Online publish date: 2023/06/01
View full text Get citation
For patients with high-intermediate risk (HIR) endometrial cancer, adjuvant radiation (RT) reduces the risk of recurrence, but many patients do not receive RT. Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), most states expanded Medicaid coverage. Our hypothesis was patients would be more likely to receive indicated adjuvant RT in states that expanded Medicaid compared with patients in states that did not expand Medicaid.

Material and methods:
National Cancer Database (NCDB) was used to identify patients aged 40-64 years with HIR endometrial adenocarcinoma, stage IA and grade 3 or stage IB and grade 1 or 2, diagnosed from 2010-2018. We conducted a difference-in-differences (DID) cross-sectional retrospective analysis comparing receipt of adjuvant RT among patients residing in Medicaid expansion and non-expansion states before and after ACA implementation (January 2014).

Expansion states had higher rates of adjuvant RT prior to January 2014 compared with non-expansion states (49.21% vs. 36.46%), and the proportion of patients who received adjuvant RT increased over the study period across both Medicaid expansion and non-expansion states. After Medicaid expansion, the non-expansion states had a larger absolute increase in adjuvant radiation resulting in a non-significant change in the difference in adjuvant radiation rates compared with baseline (crude increase: 9.63% vs. 7.45%, adjusted DID: –2.68 [95% CI: –7.12-1.75], p = 0.236).

Medicaid expansion is likely not the most significant factor affecting access or receipt of adjuvant RT for HIR endometrial cancer patients. Further study could help inform policy and efforts to ensure all patients have access to guideline-recommended RT.


endometrial cancer, radiation, brachytherapy, Medicaid expansion

Quick links
© 2023 Termedia Sp. z o.o.
Developed by Bentus.