eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
3/2019
vol. 18
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Clinical and pathological features of women with adnexal masses admitted as emergency cases to the Gynaecology Department of West Kazakhstan University

Akmaral S. Adilgereyeva
,
Ibrahim A. Abdelazim
,
Gulmira A. Zhurabekova

Menopause Rev 2019; 18(3): 180-183
Online publish date: 2019/12/04
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Aim of the study
To detect the clinical and pathological features of women with adnexal masses (AMs) admitted as emergency cases to the Gynaecology Department of West Kazakhstan University.

Material and methods
A retrospective analysis of the data of women with AMs admitted as an emergency cases to the Gynaecology Department of West Kazakhstan University. The collected data include: age, age of menarche and age of menopause, presenting symptoms, admission criteria – either self-referral or refereed from another department, ultrasound findings, associated pregnancy, associated pathology of the female genital tract, and post-operative histological results of surgically excised AMs (gold standard).

Results
77.04% (245/318) of the studied AMs were found in the reproductive age group. The main causes for surgical intervention for the studied AMs was ruptured ovarian cyst in 27.1% or adnexal torsion in 9.7%. The available histological results of the surgically managed AMs showed the following: functional ovarian cyst in 36.2% (115/318), benign ovarian neoplasms (BONs) in 18.55% (59/318), and borderline malignant ovarian tumours in 0.63% (2/318). 44.34% of the studied AMs were associated with pregnancy, 49.3% with chronic tubo-ovarain diseases such as salpingo-oophoritis, 14.8% with cervical pathology and pelvic inflammatory diseases, 11.3% with uterine leiomyomas, and 4.4% with endometrial hyperplasia.

Conclusions
AMs were more common in the reproductive age group (77.04%), and 44.34% of the studied AMs were associated with pregnancy. The main causes of surgical intervention for the studied AMs were ruptured ovarian cyst in 27.1% or adnexal torsion in 9.7%.

keywords:

prevalence, clinical, pathological, adnexal masses (AMs), West Kazakhstan

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