eISSN: 2299-8284
ISSN: 1233-9989
Nursing Problems / Problemy Pielęgniarstwa
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vol. 20
Original paper

Demographic factors and the self-care level of patients after performance of intestinal stoma

Jolanta Glińska
Małgorzata Cerbin
Małgorzata Lewandowska
Beata Brosowska
Łukasz Dziki
Adam Dziki

Online publish date: 2012/09/10
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Introduction. In recent years, colorectal cancer is among the most common ones. The performance of intestinal stoma is very often and
only effective method of treatment, which saves life of patient. Many of these patients have doubts connected with the practical aspects of
care on themselves. That’s why the special meaning has professional preparation of patient to self-care. The most important thing is the
patients’ education, which should be suitable to his/her individual possibilities, shaped largely by demographic factors.

Aim of the study. Determination of the influence of demographic factors on the level of selfe-care of patients with intestinal stoma.

Material and methods. The study was conducted in 2010 in hospitals in Lodz among 100 people. The research tool was a questionnaire
survey of its own design. Results were analyzed statistically using nonparametric tests: Test c2 Pearson. The worth p < 0.05 was established as
statistically significant. Factors VCramera and VPearsona. were used for the analysses of dependence stregth.

Results and conclusions. The study group consisted of 42% men and 58% women. The main reason of performance of intestinal stoma was
colorectal cancer amang 47% respondents. There was showed strong statistically dependence between patients’ age, level of education
and place of living in compare with patients’skills connected with self-care of intestinal stoma (p < 0.0001). Young people, with higher level
of education, who were living in cities reprezented higer level of self-care of intestinal stoma. Analysis of results pointed to the dependence
between sex and intestinal stoma care ability (p < 0.005). Women showed a better preparation for self-care than men.

intestinal stoma; self-care; demographic factors

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