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Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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Artykuł oryginalny

Does faecal calprotectin differentiate between inflammatory bowel disease colitis and non-inflammatory bowel disease colitides?

Ahmed F. Khalil
1
,
Ekram M. Helmy
1
,
Mohamed N. Massoud
1
,
Nahed M. Baddour
2
,
Rasha H. Metwally
1
,
Omneya M. Omar
1

1.
Gastroenterology and Nutrition Division, Department of Pediatrics, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
2.
Department of Pathology, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Gastroenterology Rev
Data publikacji online: 2020/11/27
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Introduction
Chronic colitis is a major problem worldwide with high morbidity. Causes of chronic colitis are heterogeneous. A cut-off level of faecal calprotectin to predict inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as a cause of chronic colitis is lacking.

Aim
To study the level of faecal calprotectin in different causes of colitis and to measure the cut-off level to differentiate between IBD and non-IBD colitides.

Material and methods
This prospective study was conducted from June 2018 to May 2019. The study included all patients aged two months up to 18 years who were confirmed to have chronic colitis endoscopically and histopathologically attending the Gastroenterology Clinic at Alexandria University Children’s Hospital. Faecal calprotectin level was measured.

Results
We included 110 patients. Allergic colitis was the commonest cause followed by IBD followed by infectious colitis (50.9%, 38.1% and 6.3% respectively). Faecal calprotectin above 744 µg/g could predict IBD as a cause of chronic colitis with 86.8% specificity and 66.7% sensitivity. Significant elevation of faecal calprotectin was detected in IBD patients. Faecal calprotectin was significantly correlated with C-reactive protein level and erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

Conclusions
Faecal calprotectin could predict the cause of colitis and could aid the paediatrician for early referral of patients with chronic colitis.

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