eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
5/2014
vol. 13
 
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abstract:
Original paper

High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in community-dwelling postmenopausal Polish women

Artur Stolarczyk
,
Andrea Horvath
,
Monika Szczechura
,
Magda Kamińska
,
Piotr Dziechciarz

Prz Menopauzalny 2014; 13(5): 289-292
Online publish date: 2014/11/02
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Introduction: Inadequate vitamin D level is associated with altered bone turnover and bone loss, which increases the fracture risk.

Aim: To assess the seasonal prevalence of inadequate (insufficient or deficient) serum vitamin D levels in community-dwelling postmenopausal Polish women screened for osteoporosis.

Material and methods: A cross-sectional observational study based on the regional urban non-institutionalized sample (n = 107) of postmenopausal Caucasian women in the age range of 51-83 years, not taking any medication and free from any condition likely to affect vitamin D status or calcium/bone metabolism. The outcome measures were the mean 25-OH vitamin D level across all the seasons and the percentage of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency and defined as < 20 ng/dl (50 nmol/l) and 20-30 ng/dl (50-75 nmol/l), respectively.

Results: No statistically significant difference has been found in the mean vitamin D level, regardless of the season (p = 0.4). The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were in spring 54% and 32%, in summer 46% and 46%, in autumn 67% and 27%, and in winter 61% and 22%, respectively.

Conclusions: Vitamin D inadequacy is common in a sample of Polish community-dwelling postmenopausal women regardless of the season.
keywords:

osteoporosis, cross-sectional study, screening

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