eISSN: 2299-551X
ISSN: 0011-4553
Journal of Stomatology
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5/2018
vol. 71
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Oral health literacy among adults in Jakarta, Indonesia

Yuniardini Septorini Wimardhani
1, 2
,
Adira Putri Wiryoatmodjo
2
,
Cristy Arianta Sitepu
2
,
Dwiseptia Nadiantari
2
,
Anandina Irmagita Soegyanto
1
,
Febrina Rahmayanti
1
,
Indriasti Indah Wardhany
1
,
Anton Rahardjo
2, 3
,
Diah Ayu Maharani
3

1.
Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
2.
Cluster of Clinical and Epidemiology and Clinical Studies in Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
3.
Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
J Stoma 2018; 71, 4: 392-399
Online publish date: 2019/05/21
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Introduction
There is an emerging need to improve oral health literacy (OHL) for good oral health outcomes worldwide. Many OHL tools have been developed, and the Indonesian version of Health Literacy in Dentistry (HeLD-ID) has the potential to be a valid and reliable oral health instrument for use in Indonesia.

Objectives
We aimed to measure OHL using HeLD-ID and to analyze the socioeconomic determinants of OHL among adults in Jakarta.

Material and methods
In total, 1000 adults representing five regions of Jakarta completed a 29-item OHL self-assessment using the HeLD-ID scale. The self-assessment also gathered socioeconomic and demographic data. The responses were graded on a 5-point Likert-type scale. A higher score indicated better OHL.

Results
The overall mean HeLD-ID score was 2.73 ± 1.03. The score was significantly affected by age, region, marital status, the number of dependents, occupation, the level of education, income, and the type of health insurance. Only sex did not affect the scores. The overall Cronbach’s α coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.958, and none of the CITC values were < 0.3.

Conclusion
This study showed that HeLD-ID can successfully be applied to assess the OHL of adults in Jakarta. Additionally, it found that the overall OHL was lower than that of a previous study, with many sociodemographic factors significantly affecting OHL.

keywords:

maxillary lateral incisor agenesis, dental anomalies, systematic literature review

 
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