eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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5/2020
vol. 12
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Predictive value of Excel forms based on an automatic calculation of dose equivalent in 2 Gy per fraction in adaptive brachytherapy for cervical cancer

Guanghui Cheng
1
,
Xin Mu
2
,
Ying Liu
1
,
Zhuang Mao
1
,
Hongfu Zhao
1

1.
Department of Radiation Oncology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China
2.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Jilin City Hospital of Chemical Industry, Jilin, China
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2020; 12, 5: 454–461
Online publish date: 2020/10/30
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Introduction
External beam radiotherapy (EBRT) combined with brachytherapy (BT) is the standard mode of radical radiotherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer. The cumulative equivalent doses in 2 Gy per fraction (EQD2) is an important basis for estimating the probability of local control of tumors and monitoring the occurrence of side effects in normal tissues. The purpose of this study was to explore the predictive value of Excel forms based on an automatic calculation in radical adaptive BT for cervical cancer.

Material and methods
A retrospective analysis of 119 patients suffering from cervical cancer, treated with radical radiotherapy. All patients were treated with EBRT and adaptive BT. EBRT prescribed dose was 42.0-50.4 Gy in 21-28 fractions. BT nominal prescribed dose was 28 Gy in 4 fractions, separated by one week. Total EQD2 prediction at nth (n = 1-3) BT (TEPBn) or actual cumulative EQD2 (ACEQD2) can be calculated automatically by inputting the physical dose based on an in-house designed application. The relationship between TEPBn and ACEQD2 was evaluated, and the predictive value of Excel forms based on the automatic calculation was analyzed.

Results
For the volume of high-risk clinical target, there was a significant decrease between BT1 and BT2. Similarly, for the volume of intermediate-risk clinical target, there was a significant decrease between BT2 and BT3. The sensitivity ranges of TEPB1, TEPB2, and TEPB3 prediction were 74.5-91.3%, 83.7-95.7%, and 92.9-99.1%, respectively, and the specificity ranges were 46.7-80.0%, 53.3-90.5%, and 66.7-90.5%, respectively.

Conclusions
The in-house designed application has the function of quickly reading dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters from the treatment planning system, which allows for balance between the total dose to target volumes and organs at risk (OARs). Excel forms based on EQD2 automatic calculation presents high predictive accuracy.

keywords:

cervical cancer, high-dose-rate, adaptive brachytherapy, EQD2, dose prediction

 
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