eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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4/2022
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Prognostic factors for IB2-IIIB cervical cancer patients treated by radiation therapy with high-dose-rate brachytherapy in a single-institution study

Yu-Ting Xiu
1
,
Fan-Xu Meng
1
,
Zhuo Wang
1
,
Kang-Kang Zhao
1
,
Yun-Long Wang
1
,
Zhi-Shen Chen
1
,
Bao-Sheng Sun
1

1.
Department of Radiotherapy, Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province, Changchun, China
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2022; 14, 4: 332–340
Online publish date: 2022/08/09
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Purpose
To evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer, and to determine the factors affecting prognosis.

Material and methods
Clinical data of 211 patients with cervical cancer, treated at our institution between June 2014 and February 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were treated with definitive radiotherapy and received external irradiation of 45-50.4 Gy. High-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) of 24-36 Gy was prescribed to a high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) as a local boost. All statistical analyses were performed with SPSS version 19.0 using Kaplan-Meier survival test and Cox regression analysis. Additionally, dose parameters of patients with IIIB stage treated with combined intracavitary/interstitial (IC/IS) implants were compared with IC only.

Results
With a median follow-up time of 69 months, local control (LC), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and nodal control (NC) at 5 years were 89%, 78%, 67%, and 88%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the major determinant of LC was the level of pre-treatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag). The predictors of shorter OS were adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC-Ag, and FIGO stage. Worse DFS was associated with adenocarcinoma, pre-treatment SCC-Ag, and involved lymph nodes. The predictors for nodal failure were positive pelvic lymph nodes. Patients with IIIB treated with IC/IS brachytherapy tended to improve DFS compared with IC alone, and obtained similar HR-CTV D90 EQD2 (n = 10) and biological effective dose (BED), 91 ±6 Gy vs. 89 ±3 Gy, and 107 ±4.5 Gy vs. 107 ±5.6 Gy, whereas decreased organs at risk (OARs) doses, including rectum and bladder D2cm3 were 7.5 Gy and 7.2 Gy lower, respectively. Late grade 3-4 bladder and bowel toxicities were observed in 1.9% of patients.

Conclusions
Radiation therapy carried out in our institution results in good survival, with acceptable toxicity in locally advanced cervical cancer. Different individualized therapeutic strategies should be considered for patients with high-risk factors.

keywords:

cervical cancer, prognostic factors, efficacy, radical radiotherapy

 
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