eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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vol. 11
Original paper

Second breast-conserving therapy with interstitial brachytherapy (APBI) as a salvage treatment in ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence: a retrospective study of 40 patients

Salvatore Cozzi
Dina Najjari Jamal
Andrea Slocker
Maria Laplana
Amparo Garcia Tejedor
Marco Krengli
Ferran Guedea
Cristina Gutierrez

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2019; 11, 2: 101–107
Online publish date: 2019/04/30
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Breast-conserving treatment (BCT) have emerged as an alternative to mastectomy in patients with ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR). We evaluated survival outcomes and treatment-related toxicity in a series of 40 patients with IBTR, who underwent tumorectomy plus interstitial brachytherapy (APBI) as a salvage treatment.

Material and methods
Retrospective analysis included 40 patients diagnosed with IBTR and treated with intraoperative (26 patients) or post-operative (14 patients) multicatheter brachytherapy for APBI at our institution between June 2002 and October 2017. We assessed cosmesis, toxicity, overall survival (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS).

Tumorectomy was performed in all cases, including intraoperative tumor margin assessment and sentinel node biopsy. Median age was 65 years (range, 41-92). The total prescribed dose was 32 Gy (8 fractions) in 19 patients and 34 Gy (10 fractions) in 20 patients. One elderly patient (age 92) received a single fraction of 16 Gy. Median follow-up was 61.5 months (range, 6-153). A median of 14 tubes were inserted. Mean treated V100 was 115 cc. Two patients developed a second relapse at 3 and 5 years after salvage treatment: one patient underwent salvage mastectomy and remains alive 10 years after brachytherapy, and the second one developed both local relapse and bone metastasis. The disease is stable at present. Five-year OS and CSS rates were 85.3% and 97.5%, respectively. Two patients died from cancer-related causes. Acute and late toxicity rates were low; seven patients developed acute infectious mastitis. Late fibrosis > grade 3 and late mastitis were observed in 14 and 6 cases, respectively.

Second BCT with APBI as a salvage treatment in ipsilateral breast recurrence achieves good local disease control, with a satisfactory toxicity profile compared to mastectomy. This approach seems to be safe and effective, although more data from randomized trials are needed.


APBI, breast cancer, local relapse, brachytherapy, salvage brachytherapy

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