eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Current Issue Archive Supplements Articles in Press Journal Information Aims and Scope Editorial Office Editorial Board Register as Author Register as Reviewer Instructions for Authors Abstracting and indexing Subscription Advertising Information Links
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

6/2021
vol. 13
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Two different sizes of Valencia applicators in non-melanoma skin cancer treatment with iridium-192 high-dose-rate brachytherapy

Concetta Laliscia
1
,
Natalina Coccia
1
,
Taiusha Fuentes
1
,
Franco Perrone
2
,
Fabiola Paiar
1

1.
Department of New Technologies and Translational Research, Division of Radiation Oncology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
2.
Medical Physics Department, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021; 13, 6: 615–619
Online publish date: 2021/12/30
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze tumor control, toxicity, and aesthetic outcome of patients affected by non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and treated with iridium-192 (192Ir) high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy (BT) using Valencia applicators at the Division of Radiotherapy, University of Pisa.

Material and methods
From June 2015 to December 2020, 95 NMSC patients, including 61.5% basal cell carcinoma and 38.5% squamous cell carcinoma patients, with median age of 83 years (range, 32-96 years) were treated. In total, 182 lesions with a diameter ≤ 25 mm (median, 12 mm) and a depth ≤ 4 mm, located in scalp (19.2%), face (20.9%), chest (8.8%), nose (16.5%), ear (15.4%), and extremities (19.2%) were analyzed. All lesions were treated with 192Ir-based HDR afterloader using Valencia applicators. 105 lesions (57.7%) were treated with applicator of 20 mm and 77 lesions (42.3%) with applicator of 30 mm in diameter, depending on the size of lesions. Prescribed dose was 40 Gy in 8 fractions (5 Gy/fraction) delivered 2-3 times a week. Biological effective dose (BED) was ≈ 60 Gy.

Results
The median follow-up was 14 months (range, 3-59 months). The 2-year local control rate was 96%. According to common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE v. 5.0), G1-G2 acute toxicities included dermatitis (22.0%) and pain (8.2%). The most common G1 late toxicities were hypopigmentation (27.5%) and fibrosis (8.2%), and G2 late toxicity included ulceration (0.5%). No G3 or higher acute or late toxicities were reported. Excellent cosmetic results were observed in 77.5% of the lesions, with one only (0.5%) reported as a poor cosmetic result (ulceration refractory to therapy).

Conclusions
HDR-BT using Valencia applicators is a safe, effective, and well-tolerated treatment modality for NMSC, and can be considered a good alternative for treatment, especially in elderly patients who are often unfit for surgery.

keywords:

non-melanoma skin cancer, brachytherapy, Valencia applicator

 
Quick links
© 2022 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.