eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank

2/2020
vol. 12
 
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abstract:
Case report

Using a pessary during radiotherapy in reducible pelvic organ prolapse and vaginal cancer: a case report and review of the literature

Melis Gultekin
1
,
Caglayan Selenge Beduk Esen
1
,
Utku Akgor
2
,
Mehmet Coskun Salman
2
,
Murat Tuncel
3
,
Mustafa Ozmen
4
,
Ferah Yildiz
1

1.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
2.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
3.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
4.
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2020; 12, 2: 175–180
Online publish date: 2020/02/11
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Purpose
Primary vaginal cancer and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) combination is extremely rare. Although definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and brachytherapy (BT) is the standard treatment for advanced stage primary vaginal cancer, there is a limited data about the treatment of primary vaginal cancer combined with POP due to its rarity. In addition, radiotherapy (RT) process may be difficult in these cases and often result in more toxicity.

Case presentation
In this case report, we present a 77-year-old woman with a diagnosis of primary vaginal cancer associated with POP, who was treated with definitive CRT using a pessary to restore vaginal anatomy for optimal radiation. Following CRT, complete response was observed and vaginal cuff BT was performed. The patient tolerated the treatment very well and is still alive without disease at 10-months follow-up.

Conclusions
Combined primary vaginal cancer and POP is an extremely rare clinical entity, with only a few cases reported in the literature. When applying CRT in these cases, critical organ doses may be higher than expected due to the downward descent of the pelvic organs. Especially in elderly patients, a pessary can be used as a non-surgical procedure to restore the anatomy for symptom relief during definitive CRT. Additionally, it allows tumors to be targeted more precisely.

keywords:

primary vaginal cancer, pelvic organ prolapse, pessary, radiotherapy, brachytherapy

 
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