eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
3/2021
vol. 20
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Women’s experiences of dysmenorrhoea – preliminary study

Urszula Tataj-Puzyna
1
,
Patrycja Ilczuk
2
,
Kinga Kalita-Kurzyńska
3
,
Joanna Gotlib
4

1.
Department of Midwifery, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland
2.
Faculty of Health Sciences of Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
3.
Laboratory of Human Milk and Lactation Research at Regional Human Milk Bank in Holy Family Hospital, Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
4.
Department of Education and Research of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Menopause Rev 2021; 20(3): 133-139
Online publish date: 2021/10/11
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Introduction
Dysmenorrhoea is a significant interdisciplinary problem that requires intensified activities of specialists, mainly in the fields of health sciences, gynaecology, and pharmacology.
Aim of the study: The aim of the study is to learn about women’s experiences of dysmenorrhoea.

Material and methods
The study was conducted between January and March, 2020 using a diagnostic research questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study. Based on the inclusion criteria, a total of 166 out of 192 completed questionnaires were analysed. The analysis of collected data was performed with the aid of Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and Statistica 13.1.

Results
Most of the respondents, during menstruation, experienced severe pain. Among the study participants, 86.14% used pharmacological methods to relieve menstrual pain, and non-pharmacological methods were popular among 74.10% of women. Almost half of the study participants reported that the occurrence of menstrual pain involved the reorganization of previous arrangements. Most women cancelled classes/appointments and gave up sports because of menstrual pain.

Conclusions
In most cases, the symptoms of dysmenorrhoea lead to changes in daily functioning, which can have a negative impact on the academic, professional, and social lives of affected women. The early diagnosis of dysmenorrhoea is of key importance. Therefore, women who have menstrual pain and other accompanying symptoms during menstruations should be referred to experienced gynaecologists for differential diagnosis.

keywords:

dysmenorrhoea, pain, menstruation

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