eISSN: 2300-6722
ISSN: 1899-1874
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne
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3/2020
vol. 36
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Actinomycosis of the tongue – a literature review

Bartłomiej Kamiński
1
,
Katarzyna J. Błochowiak
2

1.
Otolaryngology Ward, Maria Sklodowska-Curie District Hospital, Skarżysko-Kamienna, Poland Head of the Ward: Bartłomiej Kamiński MD, PhD
2.
Department of Oral Surgery and Periodontology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland Head of the Department: Marzena Wyganowska-Świątkowska
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne 2020; 36 (3): 219–223
Online publish date: 2020/09/30
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Actinomycosis is a specific chronic inflammation caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic gram positive bacteria from the Actinomyces family. They form a natural part of the bacterial flora found in the mouth, digestive and respiratory tract. The bacteria mentioned above can cause actinomycosis after previous damage to the natural anatomical barrier, which is skin or mucous membrane. This inflammation occurs especially in states of reduced immunity. Actinomycosis occurs in three clinical forms: cervico-facial, pulmonary or pulmono-thoracic and abdomino-pelvic. Actinomycosis of the tongue is a rare form of infection. To date, incidental occurrence of actinomycosis at this location has been reported in the literature. In the available literature we have found 21 cases of actinomycosis described so far. The authors present their own effective diagnostics and treatment of actinomycosis and review the literature on this topic.
keywords:

actinomycosis of the tongue, actinomycosis in a child, cervicofacial actinomycosis

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