ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science Special Issues
Current issue Archive Archives of Medical Science
1/2010
 
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abstract:

Acute management of ACS
Anticoagulation therapy in acute coronary syndromes according to current guidelines

Marcin Grabowski
,
Marcin Leszczyk
,
Andrzej Cacko
,
Krzysztof J. Filipiak
,
Grzegorz Opolski

Arch Med Sci 2010; 6, 1A: S 29–S 34
Online publish date: 2010/01/26
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Appropriate anticoagulant treatment, together with antiplatelet co-therapy, plays an important role in effective treatment of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). There is a wide range of anticoagulants, from the oldest therapeutic agent – unfractionated heparin (UFH) – through low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), to selective inhibitors of factor Xa such as fondaparinux and direct inhibitors of thrombin such as bivalirudin. Patients with ACS require different anticoagulation therapy depending on treatment strategy. Individualization of anticoagulation therapy includes stratification of both the risk of bleeding and the risk of ischaemic complications. Current guidelines generally recommend comparable anticoagulant strategy; however, there are some differences in indications, classes of recommendation and levels of evidence of anticoagulants. This article summarizes current guidelines on anticoagulation therapy in acute coronary syndrome with or without persistent ST-segment elevation.
keywords:

acute coronary syndrome, anticoagulation, bivalirudin, fondaparinux, heparins

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