eISSN: 2084-9834
ISSN: 0034-6233
Reumatologia/Rheumatology
Current issue Archive About the journal Supplements Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
4/2010
vol. 48
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Review paper

Antibodies to citrullinated proteins – a new research directions

Elwira Biernacka
,
Jakub Ząbek

Reumatologia 2010; 48, 4: 262-270
Online publish date: 2010/09/21
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common, chronic inflammatory joint disease, which etiology still remains unknown. The diagnosis of this disease, despite the set diagnostic criteria, is still problematic, especially in the early stage. Promising laboratory parameter, which beside high specificity and peculiarity, has also huge prognostic value, are antibodies against citrullinated proteins ACPA. They can occur many years before the first symptoms of the disease onset, moreover are related with the presence of a shared epitope – SE, which predisposes to development of rheumatoid arthritis. The appearance of anticitullin antibodies results from excessive expression of citrullinated proteins in inflammatory tissues. Therefore, the identification of deiminated antigens, their localization and examination of functional changes induced by citrulination recently became an object of intensive research. High homology between human citrullinated α-enolase, which induces the production of antibodies, and bacterial enolase has drawn attention to the infectious aspect of the RA etiology. Porphyromonas gingivalis deserves special interest, the only microbe, which produces peptidylarginin deiminase – the enzyme responsible for citrulination in eucariot. The data shown in reviewed studies allow us better understanding of changes in the course of the disease and promise earlier diagnosis and implementation of treatment in the future.
keywords:

rheumatoid arthritis, anti-citrullinated protein antibodies, share epitope







Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe