eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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1/2020
vol. 22
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Assessment of alcoholic beverage addiction in Nigerian secondary school adolescents: a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire adapted from a validated WHO substance use questionnaire

Clifford Onuorah Okike
1
,
Uzoamaka Vivian Muoneke
2
,
Pius Chukwuka Manyike
3
,
Benson Nnamdi Onyire
3
,
Obinna Ajaegbu
1
,
Samuel Nkachukwu Uwaezuoke
2

1.
Department of Paediatrics Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta, Nigeria
2.
Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
3.
Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Ebonyi State University, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2020; 22(1): 49–53
Online publish date: 2020/03/20
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Background
Alcoholic beverage addiction among adolescents appears to be a global problem. However, its prevalence among secondary school adolescents in south-east Nigeria is poorly documented.

Objectives
To determine the prevalence of alcoholic beverage addiction among secondary school adolescents in a south-eastern Nigerian city.

Materials and methods
500 adolescents aged 12–19 years were recruited from 5 out of 9 secondary schools in a south-eastern Nigerian city by random sampling. The validated World Health Organization (WHO) drug-use questionnaire was adapted for the study and administered to these students. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics on SPSS Version 16.0. The level of statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.

Results
The prevalence of alcoholic beverage addiction was 48.2% (236/490) with a male: female ratio of 2.4:1. The addiction rate was highest amongst students aged 18–19 years (55.4%, 93/168, p = 0.001) and students from the middle socio-economic class (28/45, 62.2%, p = 0.001). Approximately 49% of the addicted students were initiated into consumption of alcoholic beverages by their peers, while 56.8% used it in order to achieve euphoria.

Conclusions
The prevalence of alcoholic beverage addiction among secondary school adolescents in this study is seen as high. Factors such as male gender, peer-group pressures, middle socio-economic class and being older were significant contributors to this high rate of alcohol addiction. Parental divorce and parental deaths were equally contributory to this high rate.

keywords:

addiction medicine, alcoholic beverages, adolescent, peer influence, Nigeria

 
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