eISSN: 2449-8580
ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

 
4/2021
vol. 23
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Review paper

Can anxiety be a predictor of task-oriented cognitive function in individuals over 60 years of age?: a systematic review

In Gyu Yoo
1
,
Sun-Hwa Shim
1

1.
Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medical Sciences, Jeonju University, Jeonju, Republic of Korea
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2021; 23(4): 508–515
Online publish date: 2021/12/30
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Background
Anxiety has been recognized as an important factor in detecting cognitive decline in old age, but research on this topic is sometimes conflicting or inconclusive.

Objectives
The aim of the present study is to provide a review of existing literature on the relationship between anxiety state and task--oriented cognitive functions in order to identify the nature of such a relationship.

Material and methods
All relevant literature published between 2008 and 2020 was searched using four scientific databases (Pubmed, CINAHL, Embase and PsycINFO). The terms in a list of emotion-related and task-related items as search terms in conjunction with “emotion, task, performance and older people” were used to identify relevant research articles from the mentioned electronic databases.

Results
As a result of this review, anxiety is associated with decreased memory and executive function among cognitive functions. While anxiety and depression were negatively associated with cognitive function, anxiety was not a major predictor of cognitive decline in older adults. Although we could not clearly confirm a relationship between anxiety and cognitive functions, these findings provide an interesting possibility of interpretation of the psychological mechanisms in older adults. These results support the conclusion that a relationship with specific human emotions, such as anxiety, might exist for people with declining cognitive functions.

Conclusions
This suggestion could be applied to various environments. Further studies confirming the possibility of predicting anxiety through multi-dimensional analysis of human variations should be promoted.

keywords:

aging, anxiety, cognition, emotions, systematic review

 
Quick links
© 2022 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.