eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2019
vol. 70
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Candida Albicans Alcohol Dehydrogenase 1 gene in oral dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma

Layla Hafed
1
,
Heba Farag
1
,
Dalia El-Rouby
1
,
Olfat Shaker
2
,
Hebat-Allah Shabaan
3

1.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt
2.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
3.
Department of Cancer Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt
Pol J Pathol 2019; 70 (3): 210-216
Online publish date: 2019/12/08
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This study was designed to examine the prevalence of Candida albicans alcohol dehydrogenase 1 (CaADH1) gene in oral dysplasia as well as oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with and without lymph node metastasis (LNM) using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in order to determine its role in initiation, propagation and metastasis of oral dysplasia and carcinoma. Formalin-fixed parafin-embedded specimens were grouped into four groups: 7 control, 16 oral dysplasia, 16 OSCC without LNM and 15 OSCC with LNM. All specimens were examined by periodic acid Schiff (PAS) stain to detect Candida hyphae, while CaADH1 gene was detected using RT-PCR. Candida hyphae were detected by PAS stain in one specimen of oral dysplasia group, 5 OSCC without LNM and 5 OSCC with LNM. CaADH1 gene was detected in 29 specimens (one case of sever dysplasia, 16 OSCC without LNM and 12 OSCC with LNM), with a highly statistically significant between the groups. CaADH1 gene is associated with OSCC with and without metastasis whereas in oral dysplasia it could not be estimated. Further studies with larger sample size are needed to confirm the role of CaADH1 in oral dysplasia and OSCC.
keywords:

Candida albicans, alcohol dehydrogenase 1, oral dysplasia, oral carcinoma

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