eISSN: 1509-572x
ISSN: 1641-4640
Folia Neuropathologica
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3/2005
vol. 43
 
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abstract:

Case report
Infantile mitochondrial leucodystrophy – a case report

Bogna Schmidt-Sidor
,
Krystyna Szymańska
,
Eliza Lewandowska
,
Hanna Mierzewska
,
Teresa Wierzba-Bobrowicz
,
Elżbieta Pasennik
,
Tomasz Stępień

Folia Neuropathol 2005; 43 (3): 186-190
Online publish date: 2005/09/30
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We retrospectively analyzed a case of a 7-month-old infant with a delay of psychomotor development, slow pupillary light reflexes, horizontal nystagmus, spasticity and bilateral optic nerve atrophy. At the end of life there were problems with swallowing. Ventriculography showed widening of the lateral ventricles and atrophy in the frontal lobes. EEG revealed generalized changes. Clinically, leucodystrophy was diagnosed. General autopsy revealed cardiac hypertrophy. Neuropathological picture showed orthochromatic leucodystrophy with some features characteristic of neuropathology of mitochondrial disease: capillary hyperplasia and hypertrophy, spongiosis and symmetrical, bilateral damage of brain stem structures. The last one is characteristic of Leigh syndrome. Electron microscopic evaluation showed abnormal mitochondria, myelin and neurofibrils destruction. Hypertrophy of the heart may be also connected with mitochondrial disease.
keywords:

infants, mitochondrial disease, leucodystrophy, orthochromatic myelin destruction,, vascular reaction, white matter spongiosis, Leigh disease

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