eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
Archives of Medical Science
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vol. 3

Clinical research
The estimation of clinical and home-based tilt training efficacy

Dariusz Kozłowski
Lidia Łepska
Patrycja Zapaśnik
Szymon Budrejko
Magdalena Kozłowska
Edyta Sidłowska
Ewa Lewicka-Nowak
Alicja Dąbrowska-Kugacka
Maria Dudziak
Grzegorz Raczak

Arch Med Sci 2007; 3, 4: 351-354
Online publish date: 2008/01/09
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Introduction: Tilt training is a method of treatment of vasovagal patients. Two strategies make it possible to be performed as clinical and home-based training. The aim of the study was an attempt to compare the efficacy of the two types of training.
Material and methods: The investigation was carried out on a group of 49 patients, between the ages of 16 and 73 (average 37.4±17.0) with recurrent syncopal episodes and positive head-up tilt test. To obtain a positive vasovagal reaction we used 4 different protocols: passive without any provocation test (pass-test), active using nitroglycerin (ntg-test), adenosine (adn-test), physiological fluid infusion (fluid-test). The patients were randomized into two groups – those treated in clinical and home-based tilt training. In both groups the criterion of efficacy was gaining the effect of 45 minutes of uninterrupted standing. The remote effect was also assessed – a relapse of syncope during 6 months of observation.
Results: In the group of patients treated in clinical conditions, the efficacy of training was 69%, compared with 56% among patients treated by home-based tilt training. A relapse of syncope occurred in both groups with comparable frequency (41 vs. 36%) during 6 months of observation.
Conclusions: Both variants of tilt training are characterized by a similar long-term efficacy. The type of method applied should be mainly dependent on the abilities and preferences of the patient.

syncope, tilt training, vasovagal reaction

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