eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Supplements Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
Editorial System
Submit your Manuscript
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
vol. 73
Original paper

Comprehensive immunohistochemical analysis based on the origin of leiomyosarcoma

Deniz Bayçelebi
Mehmet Kefeli
Levent Yıldız
Filiz Karagöz

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayls University Samsun, Atakum/Samsun, Turkey
Pol J Pathol 2022; 73 (3): 233-243
Online publish date: 2023/01/10
View full text Get citation
PlumX metrics:
Diagnostic criteria, biological behavior, and treatment approaches of leiomyosarcomas (LMS) may differ according to the origin of the tumor. This is important in terms of patient’s management, especially in tumors located in the peritoneum and retroperitoneal sites. In our study, we aimed to demonstrate the immunophenotypic characteristics of uterine and extra-uterine LMS using a large antibody panel, and to determine whether they potentially play a role in the differences among these tumor groups.

Between 2006 and 2018, 29 uterine and 42 extra-uterine primary LMS were included in this study. Using tissue samples taken from the areas that best represented the tumor, an immunohistochemical study was performed on the blocks prepared by tissue micro-array method with estrogen and progesterone receptor (PR), WT-1, SMA, desmin, caldesmon, calponin, p16, p53, MDM2, CDK4, bcl-2, cyclin D1, fascin, EMMPRIN, FOXM1, c-erb-B2, c-Myc, PAX8, and CD117. Staining results of uterine and extra-uterine LMS were evaluated with these 20 antibodies.

In uterine LMS compared with extra-uterine LMS, estrogen receptor (48% vs. 12%), PR (62% vs. 21%), desmin (79% vs. 50%), and EMMPRIN (69% vs. 45%) staining rate was detected higher. In extra-uterine LMS, caldesmon (88% vs. 69%), c-Myc (33% vs. 10%), and cyclin D1 (52% vs. 28%) were stained higher than uterine LMS (p < 0.05). No significant staining difference was detected with other antibodies.

We concluded that estrogen receptor, PR, desmin, EMMPRIN, caldesmon, c-Myc, and cyclin D1 antibodies may help to determine primary origin of the tumor in LMS cases.

leiomyosarcoma, immunohistochemistry, uterine, extra-uterine

Quick links
© 2023 Termedia Sp. z o.o.
Developed by Bentus.