eISSN: 2300-6722
ISSN: 1899-1874
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne
Bieżący numer Archiwum Artykuły zaakceptowane O czasopiśmie Suplementy Rada naukowa Bazy indeksacyjne Prenumerata Kontakt Zasady publikacji prac
 
3/2013
vol. 29
 
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Artykuł oryginalny

Correlation between perception of quality of life and social/demographic/medical variables as well as anti-health behaviours among alcohol-dependent individuals

Marta Makara-Studzińska
,
Agnieszka J. Kowalska
,
Danuta Podstawka
,
Aneta Pyłypczuk
,
Zbigniew Śliwiński

Studia Medyczne 2013; 29 (3): 234–241
Data publikacji online: 2013/10/25
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Introduction: The level of life quality of people with alcohol dependence is significantly influenced by socio-demographic factors such as: gender, marital status and having a family. Additionally promoting anti-health behaviors such as smoking or using psychoactive substances among those with alcohol dependence also reduces the quality of life in this population.

Aim of the research: The purpose of this project was to determine the impact of selected psycho-social and medical factors on the quality of life in alcohol-dependent patients in relation to the duration of abstinence. Study data served to determine whether there is a correlation between the presence of selected psycho-social and medical factors and a patient’s subjective perception of his/her quality of life.

Material and methods: The study involved alcohol-dependent patients undergoing treatment in the Residential Alcohol Addiction Therapy Department of the Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Lublin. In the first stage of the study, the severity of the alcohol problem was assessed with the MAST and CAGE tests and quality of life was assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire. An Original Socio-Demographic Questionnaire was also used. In the second stage of the study, the SF-36 scale was used to evaluate the quality of life. The Original Socio-Demographic Questionnaire was also used.

Results: The socio-economic factors that had a statistically significant impact on the quality of life of the alcohol-dependent individuals comprised sex, marital status and having a family. Marital status was shown to be one of the most important family-related factors significantly influencing the quality of life. Having a family was not a factor associated with subjective improvement of the quality of life during abstinence for alcohol-dependent individuals. Awareness of socio-economic and medical factors influencing quality of life in individuals addicted to alcohol and gambling is an important component of assistance given to those people. It allows the therapeutic plan to be adjusted to the individual needs of each patient, which increases treatment efficacy.

Conclusions: A significant influence of the socio-demographic factors such as gender or marital status on the quality of life of people with alcohol dependence was observed. A positive correlation between promoting anti-health behavior such as smoking or using psychoactive substances and the level of life quality of people with alcohol dependence was noted.
słowa kluczowe:

dependence, alcohol dependence, quality of life, medical factors

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