eISSN: 1509-572x
ISSN: 1641-4640
Folia Neuropathologica
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2020
vol. 58
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Crocin regulates the proliferation and migration of neural stem cells after cerebral ischemia by activating the Notch1 pathway

Baizhu An
1
,
Ying Ma
2
,
Yongliang Xu
1
,
Xing Liu
1
,
Xudong Zhang
3
,
Jing Zhang
1
,
Chunzhuang Yang
1

1.
Department of Anatomy, Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, China
2.
Department of Library, Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, China
3.
Department of Physiology, Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, China
Folia Neuropathol 2020; 58 (3): 201-212
Online publish date: 2020/10/21
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Introduction
To investigate the effects of crocin on proliferation and migration of endogenous neural stem cells and the Notch1 signalling pathway in rats after cerebral ischemia reperfusion.

Material and methods
SD rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group, model group and administration group (crocin). Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO/R) was used to establish the focal cerebral ischemia reperfusion model in rat. After surgical treatment, the treatment group was treated with crocin. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the changes in the expression of Notch1, Bax and bcl-2 proteins in rat endogenous neural stem cells after cerebral ischemia reperfusion. ELISA was used to detect changes in inflammatory factors. Neural stem cells were cultured in vitro, which were divided into: the normal control group, the hypoglycaemic deprivation/reoxygenation group, hypoglycaemic deprivation/reoxygenation group with a low concentration of crocin, and hypoglycaemic deprivation/reoxygenation group with a high concentration of crocin. The cell proliferation assay detects cell activity. The cell migration assay tests the cell migration ability. And flow cytometry was used to determine cell apoptosis.

Results
Compared with the sham group, the Notch1 signalling pathway was activated in the model group. The expression of Notch1 in the crocin group was increased compared to the model group. Crocin can inhibit the release of inflammatory factors. The results of our experiments showed that crocin could induce the proliferation and migration of neural stem cells and inhibit the apoptosis of neural stem cells in the hypoglycaemic/reoxygenation model group.

Conclusions
Crocin sufficiently promotes the proliferation and migration of neural stem cells and inhibits the apoptosis of these cells in rats after ischemia-reperfusion by manipulating the Notch signalling pathway.

keywords:

crocin, MCAO/R, OGD/R, nerve regeneration, Notch1

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