eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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2/2021
vol. 13
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effect of the timing of hydrogel spacer placement on prostate and rectal dosimetry of low-dose-rate brachytherapy implants

Wayne M. Butler
1
,
Brian S. Kurko
1
,
Whitney J. Scholl
1
,
Gregory S. Merrick
1

1.
Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, WV, USA
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021; 13, 2: 145–151
Online publish date: 2021/04/14
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Introduction
To verify the dose sparing effect of hydrogel spacer (SpaceOAR™) on rectal dosimetry for prostate brachytherapy, and to determine whether prostate and rectal dosimetry was affected by the time gap between hydrogel spacer injection and brachytherapy dosimetry.

Material and methods
The 103Pd brachytherapy dosimetry of 174 consecutive intermediate- and high-risk patients injected with hydrogel was compared with a dosimetry of 174 contemporaneous patients without hydrogel injections. Of the SpaceOAR™ patients, 91 had hydrogel injected upon completion of brachytherapy implant, while the remaining 83 patients had hydrogel placed prior to external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), followed 2-10 weeks later by brachytherapy. Brachytherapy implants were either planned with the prostate undistorted by any hydrogel or planned with hydrogel in place. Dosimetry of the prostate and tissues at risk was determined from CT imaging on the day of brachytherapy implant.

Results
SpaceOAR™ significantly reduced mean and maximum rectal doses as well as rectal wall V50, but there was a statistically significant reduction of planning target volume (PTV) D90 to 121.1% of the prescribed dose in hydrogel patients compared to 123.3% in the non-hydrogel patients. Rectal dosimetry was similar between patients injected with hydrogel after brachytherapy and those with spacer injected prior to EBRT. However, patients who had hydrogel placed prior to EBRT had statistically significantly higher dosimetry indices of PTV and urethra relative to those with spacer placed at the completion of brachytherapy.

Conclusions
There was a significant rectal dose sparing in the cohort with hydrogel spacer compared to a reference group without spacer injection. The rectal dose sparing effect was similar in the sub-group of patients injected with hydrogel prior to EBRT and the sub-group injected with hydrogel at the conclusion of brachytherapy.

keywords:

hydrogel spacer, prostate cancer, brachytherapy, rectal dosimetry

 
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