eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
5/2019
vol. 36
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Evaluation of the relationship between Behcet’s disease and cardiovascular disorders through metabolic function and copeptin

Senay Agirgol
,
Evrim Cakir
,
Alper Gumus
,
Hatice Nur Ozturk
,
Tugba Ozkok Akbulut
,
Ozlem Turkoglu
,
Ilay Tasyurek
,
Zafer Turkoglu

Adv Dermatol Allergol 2019; XXXVI (5): 609-615
Online publish date: 2019/11/12
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Introduction
Behcet’s disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory and multisystem vasculitis. Cardiac involvement is one of the major complications of BD. Cardiac involvement is sporadic in terms of its specific relationship to mortality. How to identify and follow up on cardiac-related complications in BD patients has yet to be determined.

Aim
The aim of our study is to assess cardiovascular diseases in BD patients by measuring metabolic function and copeptin levels and comparing these to a healthy control group. Knowing the specific metabolic functions that are negatively affected by BD will help doctors determine which functions need to be more closely monitored in BD patients. Our study is the first study in the available literature that evaluates copeptin in BD patients.

Material and methods
A control group of 58 healthy volunteers, including 32 females and 26 males (average age: 39.8 ±10.3 years, range: 18–50 years), was formed to compare with 84 BD patients (average age: 40.5 ±11 years, range: 21–63 years), including 39 females and 45 males. Diastolic and systolic blood pressure, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waistline were measured for both groups. All study patients were also given hemograms, and fasting blood sugar (FBS), uric acid, lipid profile, insulin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and copeptin levels were measured. An ELISA Kit was used to measure copeptin.

Results
FBS, CRP, and insulin levels were significantly higher in the patient group (p < 0.001, p = 0.004, and p = 0.038, respectively). Patients who had had the disease for more than 10 years had higher BMIs, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG) levels (p = 0.034, p = 0.004, p = 0.016, and p = 0.045, respectively). Additionally, CRP levels were found to be higher in long-term patients and patients with active lesions. Diastolic blood pressure and waist circumference were also higher in the BD group. Patients who had active lesions had significantly higher diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.047). There were no statistically significant differences in copeptin levels between BD and control groups.

Conclusions
Cardiovascular involvement rarely contributes to the high mortality rate of BD patients. There were meaningful elevations in metabolic markers identified when BD and cardiovascular disease risk was assessed with metabolic parameters. The cardiac disease risk should be closely followed using metabolic functions, particularly in long-term BD patients with vascular involvement.

keywords:

Behcet’s disease, metabolic function, cardiovascular, copeptin

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