eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2016
vol. 67
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Gli2 protein expression level is a feasible marker of ligand-dependent hedgehog activation in pancreatic neoplasms

Yoshiaki Sugiyama
,
Junpei Sasajima
,
Yusuke Mizukami
,
Kazuya Koizumi
,
Toru Kawamoto
,
Yusuke Ono
,
Hidenori Karasaki
,
Hiroki Tanabe
,
Mikihiro Fujiya
,
Yutaka Kohgo

Pol J Pathol 2016; 67 (2): 136-144
Online publish date: 2016/08/02
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The hedgehog pathway is known to promote proliferation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) and has been shown to restrain tumor progression. To understand how hedgehog causes these effects, we sought to carefully examine protein expression of hedgehog signaling components during different tumor stages. Genetically engineered mice, Pdx1-Cre;LSL-KrasG12D and Pdx1-Cre;LSL-KrasG12D;p53lox/+, were utilized to model distinct phases of tumorigenesis, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasm (PanIN) and PDA. Human pancreatic specimens of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and PDA were also employed. PanIN and IPMN lesions highly express Sonic Hedgehog, at a level that is slightly higher than that observed in PDA. GLI2 protein is also expressed in both PanIN/IPMN and PDA. Although there was no difference in the nuclear staining, the cytoplasmic GLI2 level in PDA was modest in comparison to that in PanIN/IPMN. Hedgehog interacting protein was strongly expressed in the precursors, whereas the level in PDA was significantly attenuated. There were no differences in expression of Patched1 at early and late stages. Finally, a strong correlation between Sonic Hedgehog and GLI2 staining was found in both human and murine pancreatic tumors. The results indicate that the GLI2 protein level could serve as a feasible marker of ligand-dependent hedgehog activation in pancreatic neoplasms.
keywords:

hedgehog, Gli2 protein, carcinoma, pancreatic ductal, pancreatic neoplasms, carcinogenesis

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