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ISSN: 0031-3939
Pediatria Polska - Polish Journal of Paediatrics
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vol. 95
Review paper

Health care for children and adolescents in Poland

Grażyna Hejda
Artur Mazur
Łukasz Dembiński
Jarosław Peregud-Pogorzelski
Teresa Jackowska
Mieczysław Walczak
Tomasz Szczepański

  1. Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
  2. Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Endocrinology, and Diabetes, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
  3. Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  4. Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Oncology, and Immunology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
  5. Department of Paediatrics, Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education, Warsaw, Poland
  6. Department of Paediatrics, Endocrinology, Diabetology, Metabolic Diseases, and Cardiology of Developmental Age, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
  7. Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
Pediatr Pol 2020; 95 (3): 163–168
Online publish date: 2020/10/30
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Despite the constant tendency of decreasing birth rate, children and adolescents comprise one fifth of the Polish population. Health care for children is free and it is organised similarly to the care for adult patients. In primary health care, children can be under the medical care of general practitioners, family doctors, or paediatricians. In secondary and tertiary care, medical services are provided by paediatricians or doctors with paediatric subspecialties. The number of paediatricians and nurses is not sufficient and still differs from the European average. Nonetheless, population health indicators (e.g. infant mortality rate) are constantly improving and, despite the strong influence of the anti-vaccine movements, 90% of children are vaccinated according to the schedule.

health care, children, adolescents