eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Current Issue Archive Supplements Articles in Press Journal Information Aims and Scope Editorial Office Editorial Board Register as Author Register as Reviewer Instructions for Authors Abstracting and indexing Subscription Advertising Information Links
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

5/2020
vol. 12
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

High-dose-rate brachytherapy using Leipzig applicators for non-melanoma localized skin cancer

Antonio Cassio Assis Pellizzon
1
,
Ricardo Fogaroli
1
,
Michael Jenwei Chen
1
,
Polyana Maia
1
,
Guilherme Gondim
1
,
Douglas de Castro Guedes
1
,
Henderson Ramos
1
,
Maria Leticia Gobo Silva
1

1.
Department of Radiation Oncology, AC Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2020; 12, 5: 435–440
Online publish date: 2020/10/30
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Technological advances with commercial production of surface applicators allowed high-dose-rate (HDR) afterloading brachytherapy to overpass challenges associated with the delivery of superficial radiation when treating non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). We reviewed our single institutional experience using HDR to treat basal (BCC) and squamous cell (SCC) carcinomas.

Material and methods
A retrospective review of all patients treated with HDR and Leipzig-style applicators for NMSC at the Radiation Oncology Department, AC Camargo Cancer Center, from March 2013 to December 2018 was performed.

Results
Seventy-one patients with 101 lesions (BCCs, 69.3% or n = 70) and median age 80 (range, 51-102) years old were evaluated. The median follow-up was 42.8 (range, 12-82) months. The 3-year and 5-year actuarial local control (LC) rates were 97.9% and 87.2%, respectively. On univariate analysis, treatments with EQD2 less than 50 Gy (p < 0.001) and dose per fraction smaller than 3 Gy (p < 0.001) were found to be statistically significant predictive factors of a worse outcome. On multivariate analysis, SCC had a worse prognosis over BCC (p = 0.007, HR = 2.3, CI: 1.2-6.6). All patients developed some degree of acute side effects graded 1 to 2. Grade 3 acute side effects were observed in 9 (8.9%) patients. Moreover, severe late side effects (grade 3), hypopigmentation, and telangiectasia were observed in 4 (3.9%) patients. No grade 4 acute or late side effects were seen in this cohort.

Conclusions
HDR offers a convenient treatment schedule for patients and is associated with excellent LC. The most effective regimen, in terms of dose and fractionation, to treat superficial NMSC with HDR remains uncertain, but a moderate minimum EQD2 dose of 50 Gy should be used.

keywords:

non-melanoma skin cancer, brachytherapy, high-dose-rate, mould

 
Quick links
© 2020 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe