eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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2/2021
vol. 13
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Hybrid tandem and ovoids brachytherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer: impact of dose and tumor volume metrics on outcomes

Amanda Rivera
1
,
Monica Wassel
2
,
Patrik N. Brodin
1, 2
,
Ravindra Yaparpalvi
1
,
Christian Velten
1
,
Rafi Kabarriti
1
,
Madhur Garg
1
,
Shalom Kalnicki
1
,
Keyur J. Mehta
1

1.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, USA
2.
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, USA
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021; 13, 2: 158–166
Online publish date: 2021/04/14
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Introduction
To report the impact of dose and tumor volume metrics at brachytherapy on outcomes for locally advanced cervical cancer treated with tandem and ovoids intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy.

Material and methods
FIGO stage IB1-IIIB locally advanced cervical cancer treated with intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy via a tandem and ovoids hybrid applicator were analyzed. Median high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV), rate of tumor volume reduction, EQD2 D90, organ at risk doses, and outcomes were recorded. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression was applied for survival analysis, and logistic regression was used for toxicity analysis.

Results
Seventy-one patients were identified. Median follow-up was 24.9 months, with a 2-year local control of 83.6%, loco-regional control of 72.0%, and overall survival of 88.6%. Median HR-CTV D90 was 87.4 Gy (IQR = 85.7-90.2). Median HR-CTV D90 > 90 Gy10 showed a trend toward improved local control (LC) (p = 0.19). Median HR-CTV was 37.9 cm3, and median V100 was 86.5%. A median HR-CTV of ≥ 40 cm3 demonstrated worse loco-regional control (LRC) (p = 0.018) and progression-free survival (p = 0.021). Two-year LC and LRC for stage IIB patients with a median HR-CTV < 40 cm3 were significantly improved as compared to ≥ 40 cm3 at 100% and 71.8%, respectively (p = 0.019) and 100% and 56.5%, respectively (p = 0.001). However, this trend was not statistically significant for stage IIIB patients. Higher percent per day reduction in HR-CTV during brachytherapy showed improved LRC (p = 0.045). Four percent of patients experienced acute grade 3 genitourinary toxicity, 1% late grade 3 genitourinary and 1% late grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity.

Conclusions
Tandem and ovoids intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy provides satisfactory outcomes with modest toxicity. Higher HR-CTV D90 coverage demonstrated a trend toward improved tumor control. Tumor volume based on median HR-CTV ≥ 40 cm3 at brachytherapy was prognostic for poor outcomes, even within initial FIGO stage groups warranting caution.

keywords:

cervical cancer, brachytherapy, hybrid device, tandem and ovoids

 
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